Estudio: El régimen de subrogación en los Estados miembros de la UE (2013)

Este estudio, realizado en 2013 a petición de la Comisión de Asuntos Jurídicos del Parlamento Eurpeo, ofrece una visión preliminar de la amplia gama de cuestiones políticas relativas a la subrogación como una práctica a nivel nacional, europeo y mundial. Analiza detenidamente los enfoques jurídicos nacionales relacionados con la subrogación. También analiza el Derecho de la Unión Europea existente y la legislación de la Convención Europea de Derechos Humanos para determinar cuáles son las obligaciones y posibilidades que rodean a la subrogación nacional y transnacional. El estudio concluye que es imposible indicar una tendencia legal en particular a través de la UE, aunque todos los Estados miembros parecen estar de acuerdo en la necesidad del menor de disponer de unos padres legales y un estatus civil claramente definidos.

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Estudio: Surrogate Motherhood: A violation of the human rights (2012)

REPORT PRESENTED AT THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE, STRASBOURG, ON 26 APRIL 2012

This Report has been elaborated as an answer to current attempts to obtain the legalization or normalization of the practice of surrogacy motherhood through the drafting of a Recommendation on the rights and legal status of children and parental responsibilities, and through the case law of the European Court of Human Rights.

The commodification of the human body has been drawn into sharp focus over the last several years as issues such as human trafficking for organs and sexual servitude have gained international attention. Unfortunately, another form of trafficking has evaded the same level of attention and outrage of the international community: surrogacy motherhood. Surrogacy motherhood is a commodification of the human person: the child becomes the mere object of a convention, while the surrogate mother is used as an incubator. Such commodification in itself violates the dignity of both the surrogate mother and the child.

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Feministas europeas contra los vientres de alquiler

Por Pilar Aguilar.

El jueves 23 de febrero se celebró en París una nueva reunión de las 54 asociaciones* que hace un año firmaron un manifiesto de oposición al comercio de los vientres o úteros de alquiler (en Francia, GPA: gestación para otros).

Intercambiamos informaciones sobre la situación en los diversos países europeos y constatamos la feroz campaña que se está llevando en todos para conseguir la legalización.

Constatamos igualmente que los pro-legalización utilizan los mismos tácticas de propaganda en España, Francia, Italia, Canadá o cualquier otro país del mundo.

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A Comparative Study on the Regime of Surrogacy in EU Member States

While surrogacy is not a new reproductive practice, it is commonly accepted that it is an increasingly prevalent phenomenon. Recent reports have documented a rise in the practice of surrogacy, to include arrangements that cross national borders. Precise statistics relating to surrogacy are, however, hard to estimate. This is for a number of key reasons. First, traditional surrogacy does not necessarily require medical intervention and can thus be arranged on an informal basis between the parties concerned. Second, although gestational surrogacy does require medical intervention, officially reported statistics do not necessarily record the surrogacy arrangement but often only the IVF procedure. 3 Third, in many countries there is simply no legal provision, regulation or licensing regime for either fertility treatment and/or surrogacy, to include commercial surrogacy in countries where such is not otherwise legally prohibited. This means that there are no formal reporting mechanisms, which can lead to a rather ad hoc collection of statistics by individual organisations, if indeed they are available at all. Finally, in countries where surrogacy is legally prohibited, those involved could potentially face criminal prosecution, thus exacerbating the difficulties of collecting relevant and accurate data.

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